how to cast a spinning reel

How to Cast a Spinning Reel Fishing Rod Long Distances

Imagine this:

  • You are standing by a beautiful lake
  •  The sun is shining
  •  The birds are singing
  •  You have your fishing pole in hand, eager to catch a big fish
  •  But you realize you have no idea how to cast a spinning reel
  •  You fumble with the line
  •  The reel handle slips from your grasp
  •  You end up with a tangled mess on your hands
  •  Your whole day is ruined

Enough to make a grown fisherman cry, right?

Don’t worry; this won’t be you if you read this article. Learn how to cast a spinning rod like the pros and avoid the dreaded tangled mess many beginners face.

Quick Step-By-Step Guide: How to Cast with a Spinning Reel

How to grip your fishing pole:

  • Hold the rod with the dominant hand, palm facing inwards
  •  Wrap fingers around the handle where the reel attaches
  •  Curl your thumb over the top and adjust the grip
  •  Rotate your wrist, so the reel is under the rod
  •  Point index finger out, hook line around the knuckle
  •  Pull the line in until you are holding it against the rod
  •  Release reel handle
  •  Reel in slowly until 6-12 inches of line hangs
  •  Release tension on the line with the index finger
  •  Adjust the way you hold the rod for comfort
  •  Use your non-dominant hand to rotate the crank on the reel
  •  Release the tension on the line as you reel in.

How to cast your line:

  • Rotate your body towards your target and slightly bend your knees
  • Flip the bail to unlock the line and check that the reel is unlocked
  • Raise the rod over your dominant shoulder, and point it slightly behind you
  • Use your elbow and wrist to throw the rod toward the target
  • Release the line by lifting your finger as you cast
  • Slow your arm down and stop it without releasing the pole
  • Keep feet planted and shoulders lined up with the target
  • Release the tension on the line before casting
  • Lift your index finger off the fishing line to release it.

How to reel in your line:

  • Grip the line with the index finger, pull back against the rod
  •  Rotate the reel handle to adjust the location of the lure/bait
  •  Flip the bail to a locked position to secure the line
  •  Hold the handle firmly and wait for the fish to bite
  •  Adjust line as needed, enjoy the outdoors
  •  Reel in or let out by turning the reel handle clockwise/counterclockwise
  •  Keep your finger on top of the line for safety
  •  Enjoy the wait for a catch.

Next, we’ll cover everything you need to know about casting with a spinning reel, from understanding the essential components of your reel and how it works, to mastering various casting techniques and fixing common mistakes.

Understanding the Spinning Reel

Before we can start casting like a pro, we need to understand the essential components of our trusty spinning reel. It’s like trying to drive a car without knowing what the gas pedal does; you’ll get nowhere fast! Here are the different components you need to familiarize yourself with:

  • The spool: it’s a cylinder on the front that holds the fishing line. It’s the brain of the operation and where all the action starts.
  • The Bail: Some call it the wire arm surrounding the spool. Its main job is to guide the line onto the spool while retrieving the line, and it rotates and moves the line up and down while reeling to distribute it evenly and make the spool leveled and nice. It’s the traffic cop of the fishing reel, ensuring everything flows nicely.
  • The handle: it’s the level you swivel to retrieve the line. It’s similar to an accelerator in a car; the more you turn it, the faster the line moves.
  • The drag system: Allows you more control of the tension and resistance when you are fishing, and by adjusting it up or down, the resistance increases or decreases. It’s like the brakes on a car; if it’s tightened too much, nothing moves. But loosen it gently, and you maintain control when you release the line.
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Let’s talk about the different types of reels there are. A spinning reel has a fixed spool that releases the line when you cast it, and a baitcasting reel has a revolving spool. A fly fishing reel is niche-specific to fly fishing and requires a different casting technique. You can pick the type of reel you want depending on how you will use it, just like how you would choose between a sports car, a pickup truck, or a motorcycle. They serve different purposes in various scenarios, and all have their pros and cons. For our use, a spinning reel is fine and good fishing gear for beginners.

Preparing to Cast

Now that we know enough about spinning tackle let’s prepare for casting. Just like a pilot goes through a pre-fight checklist, we should do the same before we cast our line. Here are some things to consider before we get started.

Proper Stance and Positioning

Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart so you have a stable base to work on, and keep your balance when casting. A wobbly body will hinder you from having the same power and accuracy as a solid body. You want to be like a basketball player shooting a free throw: stable and focused in the body but flexible and gentle in the arms.

Holding the Rod and Reel

Don’t hold the rod like you pet a cat. You need a firm but relaxed grip, just like you would introduce yourself during a job interview. Grip your rod with your dominant hand, and hold the reel with your non-dominant hand. Hold the rod with your strongest arm when you cast so you have the most control, power, and accuracy possible. Think of it like holding a steering wheel, you need to control it, but if you clench it super hard, your arm is stiff, and you can’t turn it effectively.

Casting Techniques

With the proper knowledge and preparation, let’s proceed to cast. Think of it like a golfer swings his club; we need smooth, straight, and calculated movement to cast our line where we want our lure to land. It takes practice, and we won’t get hole-in-ones on the first try, but we will gradually get closer to the goal.

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Basic Steps

Before you start practicing, we recommend not using a hook, as you don’t want to hook someone or something accidentally. You can attach a small lightweight sinker on the end of the line instead to practice with. Here are the basic steps to casting a fishing reel:

  1. Open the bail
  2. Hold the line with your index finger and press it onto the pole to keep it from releasing until you throw.
  3. Slowly point the tip of the rod back.
  4. Aim for the spot where you want to cast.
  5. Swing the rod tip towards your aim while releasing the index finger
  6. Hold the fishing rod back while casting the lure and line into the distance.
  7. Be careful not to throw the fishing rod while casting.

The secret to casting is to make it a smooth movement. Think of it like throwing a frisbee; technique matters more than pure force.

Using the Bail and Handle

The bail and handle are the most critical parts when casting, as they control the release and retrieval of the line. When you cast, you need to open the bail, hold the line with your finger against the pole, and make your cast while holding the rod back. To retrieve the line, turn the handle. It’s like using a stick shift and gearing in a car; you need to know when to gear up and down when to accelerate and slow down. You’ll get the hang of it quickly with a bit of practice.

Different Casting Techniques

There are many different types of casting techniques you can use. The most common ones are overhead and side casts, and you also have underhand, which are rare when casting from the ground, as fishing poles are typically too long and will hit the ground (but you can try it from a boat or harbor). Still, a particular fishing tackle may be designed for this throw if the angler prefers this technique.

Each technique has its practical purpose. If you are casting near a tree, you may choose a side cast so the line won’t get caught in the branches. Or if there are people on one side of you, you can select the other side to cast. But many people prefer an overhead cast as they are more precise and easier to cast in the direction you are aiming for. Think of casting techniques like a chef uses different knives for various tasks.

Troubleshooting Common Casting Problems

Have you got problems? Don’t worry. Even the most experienced angler runs into problems from time to time. Let’s talk about the most common problems beginners face when they learn how to cast.

  • Tangling and Backlashes: The problems may be caused by not correctly threading the line or paying attention to it when casting. Backlashing is when the lure slows down or stops, and the spool keeps spinning or releasing more line, which can cause a massive tangle.
  • Short Casting: If you lack power and speed in your fishing rod when casting, you won’t have enough force to throw the lure far enough into the distance.
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To avoid tangling, you may need to re-spool or rethread the line if the problem persists. Also, reduce the risk of backlashes by focusing on your line when casting and using a braking system or anti-backlash feature.

You can avoid short casting and adjust the drag and reel correctly. You can also practice increasing casting distance at home in your backyard with more power and better technique. Make sure to remove the hook and ensure there is nobody around, and practice safer casting without a hook. Aim for a target and practice casting towards it. You can try both overhead and side casts to see which one you prefer. Putting on lighter lures can also make it easier to throw. If you have any experienced fisher friends, don’t be shy to ask them for advice.

Casting may seem intimidating at first, but once you get the hang of it, it’s fun. Once you are an experienced caster, you can move on to fly fishing if you want more challenges.

Practising Casting Techniques

Since you know how to cast with a spinning reel, let’s take it to the next level by improving your skills with these challenges (consider it homework):

  • Distance casting: Try a longer rod for your overhead cast, which gives you more leverage and force and propels the line further. It’s like using a slingshot with a long rubber band.
  •  Precision casting: If you want to hit a particular spot, try an underhand or gentle side cast. It’s like putting with a golf club: it requires gentleness and precision, not speed and power.
  •  Live bait casting: Using live bait gives you another challenge: adjust the power, speed, and accuracy while keeping the bait on. If you throw it with too much snapping, the bait may fall off the hook. Think of it as throwing an uncooked egg to a friend and having them catch it without breaking; it requires finesse.


You can make casting a fun activity to practice, just like how people shoot a bow and arrow at a target. You will also increase the chance of catching the fish you want as you can reach those long distances. Continue practicing, and you’ll be a casting pro in no time, and remember to enjoy your fishing time with friends and family.